A common phenomenon among people of different ages and occupational preferences when the back hurts in the lower back. Hypotension, in contrast to excessive loads in the gym, currents, poor posture - all this causes unpleasant, painful sensations in the lumbar region.
When a painkiller is enough to fix the problem and when you need urgent medical attention. You need to remember the following: if the lower back hurts constantly, this is a good reason to consult a specialist.
Why does my lower back hurt?
The causes of lumbar pain can be either similar in men and women, or have their own specifics related to both anatomical features and professional activities and lifestyle.
- The cruciate ligament in the morning after sleep can be the result of a poor quality bed, as well as showing problems with the spine.
- If the lower back hurts a lot, it is possible to disrupt nerve endings, develop a herniated disc, osteochondrosis.
- When you stand for a long time, a static load acts on the lumbar region. The lumbar muscles enter a state of hypertension and can disrupt the innervation of nerve endings.
- When you sit, your lower back hurts due to poor posture. Many sitting at the table occupy an awkward position of the body, which also leads to overexertion of the muscular corset and disruption of nerve endings.
- When the lower back hurts and pulls the legs, the symptoms may indicate a violation of the nerve endings in the pelvic area. Often the disorder occurs in the coccyx, when it hurts below the waist, then the pain is reflected in the lower extremities.
- If the back hurts above the waist, then most likely the issue is a violation of the nerve fibers in the lumbar region or the problem comes from the internal organs.
- The situation when the lower back hurts, the feeling is like pulling and the temperature rises, then here we are talking about progressive inflammation in the internal organs.
To identify the cause of lumbar pain, you should undergo a thorough medical examination and take tests that will show whether there are inflammatory processes, nerve endings or a hernia. Only after clarifying the diagnosis can measures be taken to eliminate the disease.
Lower back pain in women
The weaker sex is particularly prone to lumbar pain. The reasons why modern women have low back pain can be related to both professional activities and the presence of disease.
Soreness after running can develop due to improperly selected shoes without high-quality shock absorber, when the heel blows to the ground without softening are transmitted to the lumbar region. The lower back hurts after walking when wearing very high heels, which not only upset the balance, but also cause the woman to bend the spine strongly, putting additional strain on the lumbar region.
Soreness when walking may not be the result of lower back disease, but problems with the hip joints, which are subject to excessive friction during exercise. Anxiety at night can cause an uncomfortable mattress for a girl in bed.
If the pain is felt on the right or left, closer to the periphery, it indicates a greater likelihood of disease of internal organs. Anxious coccyx can be a symptom of injury or strangulation.
Whatever the reason, only a qualified professional will prescribe adequate treatment.
Pain in the lower back before menstruation
The reasons why women and girls may have low back pain or pull on the lower abdomen before menstruation have a very broad etiology. This can be a consequence of changes in the hormonal background, as well as symptoms of a whole range of diseases.
- Infections and consequences of hypothermia;
- Improper installation of the intrauterine device;
- Abnormalities in the location of the uterus or ectopic pregnancy;
- Cysts, fibroids, endometriosis.
Given the length of the list, a woman with anxiety symptoms should consult a doctor and determine the cause of regular malaise.
Why does the lower back hurt during menstruation?
Pain in the lumbar region during menstruation is often considered normal, as there is a serious hormonal surge, a large amount of blood flows to the pelvic organs and, increasing, they can put pressure on nerve endings. The pain subsides as soon as the main ebb occurs.
However, some women continue to feel unwell after menstruation. If such a manifestation is atypical, then it is worth considering it as a signal of possible pathology.
Can lower back pain in the absence of visible causes in the form of infectious, disease and development of pathological processes? Perhaps if the anatomical structure of the uterus is such that it deviates backwards. In this position, swelling during menstruation, it will put pressure on adjacent organs and nerve endings, which will cause pain in the lumbar region. Uterine prolapse caused by regular weight lifting can also provoke a similar symptom.
If a woman has pain in the stomach and lower back, it is strongly recommended to visit a gynecologist to identify the cause of such a disease. Symptoms may include the development of polycystic ovaries, inflammation of the appendages, endometriosis, infectious and sexually transmitted diseases. The reason may be a poorly installed intrauterine device or the opposite case - the development of ectopic pregnancy.
Lower back pain during pregnancy
A common complaint of women during pregnancy is an indication of back pain. There can be many reasons why pregnant women experience lower back pain, given that the body undergoes severe restructuring, weight gain and imbalance due to an enlarged abdomen.
In the early stages of pregnancy, the discomfort of pulling can begin from the moment the fertilized egg attaches to the walls of the uterus. After giving birth, pregnant women are prone to diseases of the urogenital area - cystitis and pyelonephritis, which can affect pain in this area.
Why a pregnant woman may begin to experience great discomfort in the second trimester. This is due to the active growth of the fetus and the increase in the volume of the abdomen of the expectant mother - the internal organs begin to be compressed, including the nerve endings that pass into the pelvic area. A woman may experience radiating pain in the gluteal area or legs.
A woman may feel the lower abdomen being pulled, in the final stages when the baby's head begins to fall, the pain flows down the waist to the sacrum. At 21 to 40 weeks of pregnancy, a woman may experience lower back pain due to an increase in relaxin levels. This provokes the development of symphysiopathy - an inflammatory process in the pubic joint.
The lower back hurts and gives in the legs
Complaints of lumbar pain with return to the leg or gluteal muscle are common in people over the age of 35. What can be associated with such pathology? In some people the pain radiates to the right leg, in others the pain radiates to the left leg, although the lower back feels the same. Here the question may be that different nerve roots are pinched, because there are exits on both the right and left sides of the vertebrae.
The pain will shoot in the buttocks and legs with osteochondrosis, scoliosis, disc herniation and a whole list of other diseases associated with damage to spinal cord neurons.
When pinched, the lower back hurts a lot. An awkward movement can lead to such serious consequences that the pain syndrome will have to be removed by injection. As the inflammation develops immediately due to the injury, additional pressure is put on the nerve endings.
The problem will be solved after a course of steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and decongestants, which will allow the patient to relax and relieve muscle tension in the affected area.
Also common causes of such radiation may be neuralgia and more serious pathologies associated with neoplasms in the lumbar region, which will put pressure or cause inflammation.
Why does the lower back hurt in men
The treatment of lumbar pain in men is often associated with neglected cases, as the stronger sex prefers to endure "as long as the spear in the back does not interfere with sleep. "went to the doctor.
Lower back pain in the case of the stronger sex may be related to:
- With high physical activity - professional, sports;
- Problems with the spine due to lack of physical activity, prolonged driving.
- Problems with internal organs - kidneys or prostate.
Treatment of the lower back at home in acute painful attacks will be ineffective, especially if folk remedies are used. Given that men tend to provoke the disease, sometimes the pain must be blocked with injections of powerful drugs - painkillers and anti-inflammatory drugs.
Back pain after sleep
Have you ever had low back pain in the morning? Such a reaction of the body is completely understandable if you vigorously move the furniture the day before you overtrain or after you start general cleaning. If it is an injury, then you should definitely see a doctor to make sure there are no serious consequences.
And if there are no injuries and you do not abuse sports, but after sleep you feel pain in the lower back. One of the causes of pain in the morning is the development of osteochondrosis. With the developing pathology, the bones and parts of the spine become much more sensitive to the static position of the body at night. What will pass without consequences in a healthy person, for a patient with osteochondrosis, will cause some of the acute painful sensations after waking up.
Also, the pain can be caused by an unusually excessive curvature of the spine in a supine position. This is due to the habit of sleeping, lying on your back, stretching your legs. The lumbar region gets overloaded and by morning you can get a lot of strained muscles.
If the pain in the morning is chronic, you should be examined by a doctor, as this condition may be a signal from the body of disorders or reactions to stress, illness or overweight. It is very important to determine the cause.
How to find out if the kidneys or lower back hurt
Lumbar pain can be caused by problems with the spine as well as internal organs.
How do I know where the signal is coming from? To determine what hurts - the kidneys or the lower back - you need to monitor the location. The spine, compressed nerve endings and spasmodic muscles are felt painfully closer to the central part of the back, to the axis of the spine. And if the kidneys hurt, it gives the lower back closer to the periphery, the sides.
At the same time, the pain in the spine can vary: it can be stronger in the morning, after waking up and in the late afternoon at the end of the day. The pain from the internal organs is more constant and may be accompanied by signs of inflammation - fever, vomiting.
In a simple way we determine - the lower back or kidneys. If the pain is less in the absence of physical activity and disappears after rubbing with ointment, then this is the back. The pain from the internal organs will not give an exhausting reaction to the local application of warming ointments and will not allow you to relax, no matter what position you occupy.
The child has back pain
Low back pain in children is often caused by poor posture or poor workplace. The onset of pain is not clearly related to age: it can hurt both a preschooler and a teenager. Why hurts the lower back in childhood, a vertebrologist can tell after a detailed examination.
- Muscle tension due to a heavy backpack or constant sitting at a table or computer - up to 80% of cases.
- The development of scoliosis requires prompt intervention, as the spine of children can be deformed very quickly.
- Injuries or bruises.
- Diseases of the internal organs - 20% of applications.
If the child has a fever and low back pain, this may be a symptom of an extremely unpleasant osteomyelitis disease. The pathological process of purulent-necrotic nature affects the bone marrow and bones.
Which doctor to go to
When the lower back hurts and the need for a visit to the doctor arises, the patient wonders which doctor can help. Everything here will depend on the reasons that caused the pain.
For a start, a visit to a local therapist or general practitioner is recommended. To determine the source of the problem, you will need an examination, an X-ray of the spine, a pelvic ultrasound, and general blood and urine tests.
After the examination, the therapist recommends which specialist you should consult to continue treatment for the cause. As such a specialist may be recommended:
- Neurologist - to examine the spine, back muscles and nerves.
- Urologist - if there are problems in the urogenital area.
- The gynecologist is a female specialist who will help identify the cause of pain in the female reproductive system.
Timely contact with a specialist will help eliminate the cause of lower back pain in the initial stage. Advanced cases can lead to serious consequences that can lead to the inclusion of surgery.
Exercises for back pain
In eliminating an attack of acute pain, the doctor after drug therapy in most cases prescribes exercise, ie exercise. Effective exercises help relieve tension from the muscular corset, strengthen it, eliminate spasms inside the fibers that can cause pain.
The rehabilitation system prescribes that all exercises be done slowly, without sharp turns and attacks. If you do not follow this rule, you may receive additional injuries.
Stretching exercises are recommended to relieve pain. For muscle fibers such a load makes it possible to get rid of hypertension, the brackets are removed. Exercise focused on a problematic muscle group or spine. Strengthens blood circulation in the problem area, enhances microcirculation in muscle and cartilage cells, contributing to increased nutrition and removal of putrefaction products.
The necessary set of exercises is chosen by the attending physician or physiotherapist, who will conduct physical therapy classes. Once the patient's task is to independently maintain and consolidate the result by doing exercises at home.
How to anoint the lower back with pain
When the lower back starts to hurt, the first thought that comes to mind is how to anoint, how to heal. You cannot take the first creams and ointments that come with the word "painkiller. " It is important to understand what caused the pain and only then apply the appropriate medication.
- If the pain is associated with osteochondrosis, pinching of nerve endings, inflammation of the nerve roots, both NSAIDs and corticosteroids may be needed.
- In case of hypothermia, to activate the microcirculation of blood in the muscles, warming ointments with irritating effect are suitable.
- There are also homeopathic remedies and balms.
It should be remembered that ointments will not help if the cause of the pain lies in the internal organs. If the pain is caused by diseases of the kidneys, female or male genitourinary system, then anesthetic ointments can crush the clinical picture, and warming can provoke the intensive development of inflammation.
That is why it is necessary to use folk remedies only after consulting a doctor, so as not to worsen your own condition with unwarranted treatment.